There is a discovery in the field of AI, called Moravec’s paradox which tells that activities like abstract thinking and reasoning or skills classified as “hard” – engineering, maths or art are way easier to handle by machine than sensory or motor based unconscious activities.
It’s much easier to implement specialized computers to mimic adult human experts (professional chess or Go players, artists – painters or musicians) than building a machine with skills of 1-year old children with abilities to learn how to move around, recognize faces and voice or pay attention to interesting things. Easy problems are hard and require enormous computation resources, hard problems are easy and require very little computation.
Researchers look for the explanation in theory of evolution – our unconscious skills were developed and optimized during the natural selection process, over millions of years of evolution. And the “newer” skill is (like abstract thinking which appeared “only” hundreds thousands of years ago), the less time nature had to adjust our brains to handle it.
It’s not easy to interpret Moravec’s paradox. Some tell that it describes the future where machines will take jobs which require specialistic skills, making people serving an army of robotic chiefs and analysts. Others argue that paradox guarantees that AI will always need an assistance of people. Or, perhaps more correctly, people will use AI to improve those skills which aren’t as highly developed by nature.
For sure Moravec’s paradox proves one thing – the fact that we developed computer to beat human in Go or Chess doesn’t mean that General Artificial Intelligence is just around the corner. Yes, we are one step closer. But as long as AGI means for us “full copy of human intelligence”, over time it will be only harder.
Artificial Intelligence is here. Still in its very limited form, but there are more and more places where we, as a humanity are soundly bitten by “intelligent” machines. From the simplest calculators which are hugely smarter than us in maths, to Google Translate which can translate whole sentences, keeping proper grammar and human-like language better than most people in the world.
Yes, AI will take our jobs, it already does. But should we be afraid of it? I believe, we shouldn’t. Instead, we need to adapt to the new reality as it happened many times in humankind history (agricultural revolution, industrial revolution, digital revolution — just name a few).
Some call it another revolution (4th industrial revolution?), some just an evolution which has been happening since the world began. But no matter how you call it, thanks to machines and different kinds of artificial intelligence we’ll for sure reach a new level as a humanity. There is so big potential in us — we all have passion, purpose, dreams.
Now just imagine what can happen to the world when there will be something that can replace us with tedious, repeatable tasks. Or if we could boost our creativity and passion by a help from machines and algorithms which are never distracted and can work unstoppable.
Of course, the transition to “the new world” will be hard. Adaptation will require revolutionary, global changes in how we live. And to start doing this we need to understand where we are and what is coming.
There are already people in this world who are trying to do this. Here are 3 of them, standing in front of us on TED stage and telling us about future of AI and humanity. I highly encourage to invest 45mins to catch-up what they wanted to share with us:
Who doesn’t dream about Iron Man’s suit? Infinite power source — Vibranium Arc Reactor, ability to fly and dive thanks to Repulsors and oxygen supplies, almost indestructible single-crystal titanium armor with extremely danger weaponry.
Since we’re still years or even decades (are we?) from having at least prototype of flying metal suite, there is one piece of it which can be closer than we think.
While Vibranium Arc Reactor is a heart of Iron Man suit, the equally important thing is its brain — Jarvis.
“Jarvis is a highly advanced computerized A.I. developed by Tony Stark, (…) to manage almost everything, especially matters related to technology, in Tony’s life.” Does it sound familiar? Continue reading “Iron Man’s Jarvis — is it still a fiction?”